Polaris Sportsman 400 Runs Lean
What causes a Polaris Sportsman to Run lean? From my understanding a lean condition is when the vaporized fuel mixture has a high proportion of air.
My 4-wheeler engine runs hot, idles high and the idle is a little erratic. It seems to have some other issues while running. What are symptoms of a Polaris Sportsman engine that receives too much air and too little fuel?
My all-terrain vehicle is a 2005 Polaris Sportsman 400.
Answers ( 2 )
A lean-running engine or fuel starvation can have a host of symptoms and possible causes. Difficulty starting or no start, engine runs hot, high idle, surging or hesitation, backfire or popping through the intake/exhaust are all symptoms of fuel starvation or lean mixture.
Detonation, which is the premature combustion of gasoline in an internal combustion engine, causing knocking, is also a sign of lean mixture. Low power is a sign that the engine runs too lean.
This is a serious condition. If a motor runs too lean it will generate excessive heat. It can cause spark plug erosion and in some cases it can burn a hole through the piston. There are a number of components you should check, this includes:
• Incorrect pilot screw adjustment.
• Incorrect jet needle position.
• Clogged fuel filter.
• Pinched or restricted fuel line.
• No gas in fuel tank.
• Restriction in carburetor vent line(s).
• Jets or inlet passages blocked with an accumulation of debris.
• Obstructed or restricted inlet needle or seat screen.
• Float level too low.
• Fuel pump malfunction.
• Intake air leak.
• Kinked or pinched impulse line.
• Impulse line air leak.
• Float stuck, inlet needle closed or stuck.
• Vacuum slide stuck closed or sticky.
• Vacuum slide diaphragm ruptured.
A main jet that is too small can cause a lean operation condition. If you know the vehicle is running lean, and it is backfiring, the carburetor might be faulty. If the engine overheats and you suspect a lean mixture, check for restricted jets, vents, fuel pump or fuel valve.
In the meantime, do not operate the Sportsman 400 until the problem has been fixed. A lean condition can cause serious engine damage.
My ATV was running rough and I thought it was getting too much air and not enough fuel. The first thing I checked was spark but it had, what looked like, decent spark.
Then a mechanic told me it was probably a bad carburetor so I replaced it, it still ran rough. Turns out that in the end it was the spark, it just had a weak spark. I put a new spark plug in and it ran perfect.